Garden Mulch: The Benefits and Different Types of Garden Mulch
Garden mulch can enhance the look of your garden and help keep your garden healthy. Placing mulch in your garden can also save you time by decreasing the need for watering, applying herbicides and pulling weeds. A healthy vegetable and fruit garden always begins with healthy soil. Healthy soil can be accomplished through mulching.
* Helps moderate the soil temperature.
* Enhances the growth of fruit and vegetables planted.
* Retains moisture during dry weather, which reduces the need for watering.
* Reduces weed growth.
* Natural mulches can improve the structure of the soil. As mulch decays, the material becomes topsoil, while adding nutrients into the soil.
* Enhances the beauty of the exterior of your home by adding color and uniformity.
* Can prevent trees and shrubs from getting damaged by lawn equipment.
Types of Mulch
There are two categories of mulch: living and non-living. Living mulch is made from natural matter, such as bark, wood chips, leaves, pine needles, or grass clippings. Non-living mulch includes gravel, pebbles, black plastic and landscape fabrics.
Living mulch, also known as organic mulch, is most beneficial to your garden. Unlike non-living mulch, living mulch helps improve the garden soil by adding organic matter as it decomposes. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, "Mulch may also encourage the growth of worms and other beneficial soil organisms that can help improve soil structure and the availability of nutrients for plants." Living mulch costs less than non-living mulch. Many local Park and Recreation Departments give away woodchips and bark at no charge. Living mulch decomposes over time and needs to be replaced after several years.
While non-living mulch (also known as inorganic mulch or man-made mulch) doesn't benefit your garden as much as living mulch, it is easier to maintain. The various types of non-living mulch do not attract pests and do not decompose. Non-living mulch is an especially good weed barrier.
Common Types of Living Mulch
Wood Chips or Shavings
Wood chips are one of the most commonly used types of mulch. It is best to choose older, decomposed wood mulch. Wood mulch that has not properly aged can contain toxins that are harmful to young plants. Some disadvantages include the quick decomposition of wood shavings and the possible attraction of termites.
Bark is another popular type of living mulch. It is one of the most attractive mulch materials. Common types of bark mulch include pine, cedar and cypress. Bark mulch is available as nuggets, shredded, or in chunks. The nuggets provide the best level of weed prevention. High quality cedar mulch is one of the most expensive types of mulch.
Pine needles are one of the less expensive types of mulch. They are long lasting and attractive. Pine needles allow water to get to the soil easily.
Common Types of Non-Living Mulch
Stone, Gravel, Pebbles and Crushed Stone
One of the best benefits of stone mulch is that it is long lasting. Colored stones can add additional color to your landscape. A 1-inch layer of small rocks will provide good weed control. Be aware that light shades of stone will reflect heat back up towards plants, which may be harmful.
Landscape fabric is also known as geotextile. The fabric is better than plastic because it allows air and moisture to penetrate into the soil. It is considered the best non-living mulch for long-term use. Landscape fabric is very effective at controlling weeds. Some grass may grow through the tiny holes in the fabric.
Recycled rubber is used for many outdoor products, from patio tiles to mulch. Recycled rubber is often used in playgrounds as it provides a soft alternative to wood chips. Recycled rubber has many of the same benefits as living mulch, including helping to retain moisture, moderating soil temperature and adding beauty to your landscape. It is available in many colors and won't fade.
Taking care of your lawn and garden is just as important as taking care of your roof in terms of resale. An attractive landscape can increase the value of your home and add curb appeal. Maintaining your lawn and garden properly can save money and time. Eco-friendly, or "green," landscaping habits can help the environment and decrease the amount of hazardous chemicals around your home. Did you know that the average suburban lawn uses six times the hazardous chemicals per acre as conventional farming does? Learn how to avoid chemical use below.
Tip 1: Water Efficiently
Water during strategically planned times only. The best time to water is between 5 a.m. and 10 a.m. Watering in the afternoon is inefficient since water is lost due to evaporation and wind. The second-best time to water is between 6 p.m. and 8 p.m. Running an irrigation system excessively can waste a lot of water. Just one hour can use up to 250 gallons of water.
Tip 2: Install an Irrigation System
Consider the installation of a sprinkler or irrigation system for your lawn. Irrigation systems work well at targeting only the specific areas of your lawn that need to be watered, thus cutting back on unnecessary watering of uplanted areas. Irrigation systems are available with a timer option, which helps homeowners avoid overwatering by turning off the system at predetermined times. Make sure to check the weather forecast and turn off the timer when rain is predicted.
Tip 3: Go Organic
Say goodbye to chemical fertilizers and pesticides. There are many top-quality organic and natural weed killers. Additionally, organic compost can be used.
Tip 4: Make Your Own Compost
Make your own compost to use in your garden. Compost can be used as a fertilizer, serving as an excellent alternative to chemical-based fertilizers. Making your own compost involves mixing browns (such as dead leaves, branches or twigs, greens (such as grass clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps and coffee grounds) and water in a compost bin.
Tip 5: Mulch
Garden mulch can enhance the look of your garden and help keep it healthy. Spreading mulch in your garden can also save time by decreasing the need for watering, applying herbicides and pulling weeds.
Tip 6: Drought-Tolerant Plants
The technique of using drought-tolerant plants, known as xeriscaping will significantly help reduce water usage in your garden.
Tip 7: Native Plants
Planting native plants will cut down on the need for water and fertilizer. For example, if you live in Arizona, don't plant high water plants such as bluegrass or clover.
Tip 8: Make Your Own Planters
Making your own planters is a great way to reuse empty containers. Rinse out plastic containers (cottage cheese, yogurt and dessert whip containers are just the right size), fill them with dirt, add a plant and you have a great new planter. Not only is this eco-friendly, it's also inexpensive.
Tip 9: Harvest Rainwater
Harvesting rainwater means collecting and storing rainwater to be used for your lawn or garden. This is a simple way to conserve water and help your garden bloom.
Tip 10: Hang Birdfeeders and Nesting Boxes
Birdfeeders and nesting boxes attract birds to your garden. Birds are a great benefit to gardens as they eat unwanted pests, such as snails and slugs. Instead of using pesticide against these little bugs, simply invite the birds in and they'll take care of the pests naturally.
Start the spring off right with good lawn care and your lawn will thank you by growing green and beautiful during the spring and summer seasons. Spring lawn care is important in that it is the time when you can catch, diagnose, and fix any grass problems such as crabgrass. The good news is that spring lawn care can be completed in 5 simple steps. Make sure you follow these steps each year when spring rolls out and your lawn will start looking better and better each year!
1. Clean up the Lawn
Cleaning the lawn of any debris is the first step in spring lawn care. This step includes raking any leftover leaves, branches, twigs, etc. This will really help to ensure a problem free first cutting.
2. Distribute Remaining Snow
If any piles of snow have accumulated and not melted then you will need to get the shovel out and break he snow pile apart. Simply spread the snow around the lawn in areas where there is lots of sun. This is an important step as the snow pile could cause the grass underneath to develop and grow slower than the rest of the grass.
3. First Fertilizing
Find a good fertilizer for early spring application. It will have the right mix of fertilizer compounds for your lawn. Keep in mind to fertilize light as over fertilizing in spring can harm the roots of the grass and cause you more problems than you need.
4. Crabgrass- Remove it before it grows!
Early spring is the best time for crabgrass treatment. If your grass had crabgrass growth last spring or summer than you will need to treat it this spring. The way to treat for crabgrass is with herbicide and it must be applied two weeks before crabgrass germinates in your area. If you are unsure about when this occurs then you may want to consider asking a professional landscaper for some helpful advice.
5. Over Seeding
Over seeding is the process of placing a significant amount of grass seeds on patchy or worn down areas or grass. This process helps to strengthen and quicken the grass growth and to help it look better. If you used an herbicide for crabgrass then you must wait at least a month before over seeding.